Week 3 Overview

Week 3: College-Ready or Student-Ready? Developmental Education; Understanding Race and Ethnicity

Learning Objectives

Students will:

  • Demonstrate knowledge and application of developmental education reform strategies, including contextual considerations and limitations.
  • Develop an understanding of how race and ethnicity impacts the community college student experience from an asset-mindset.
  • Demonstrate the ability to evaluate diverse perspectives and navigate the ambiguity and complexity that comes with multiple perspectives, including the ability to reassess one’s own personal perspective when appropriate.

Learning Activities

Students will:

  • Review course assignments and expectations
  • Read/review and incorporate assigned materials
  • Explore the strengths and limitations of different developmental education reform strategies
  • Explore how race and ethnicity, specifically for students of African American, Biracial or multiracial, and Caucasian descent, influences student performance metrics
  • Reflect on personal perceptions of streamlined enrollment management strategies and the strengths of African American, Multiracial, and White students
  • Participate in Zoom Session on Thursday, September 8th.

Required Reading and Viewing

General Readings

Bailey, T.R., Jaggars, S.S. * Jenkins, D. (2015).  Redesigning America’s community colleges:  A clearer path to student success. Cambridge, MA:  Harvard University Press. Chapter 4.

Cuyjet, M.J., Howard-Hamilton, M.F. & Cooper, D.L. (2011). Multiculturalism on campus: Theory, models, and practices for understanding diversity and creating inclusion. Sterling, VA: Stylus. Chapters 7, 9, and 10.

Developmental Education

Bickerstaff, S., and Edgecombe, N. (2019). Teaching matters and so does curriculum: How CUNY Start reshaped instruction for students referred to developmental mathematics. CCRC Working Paper No. 110.  Retrieved from https://ccrc.tc.columbia.edu/media/k2/attachments/cuny-start-math-instruction.pdf (Links to an external site.)

Burdman, P. (2015). Degrees of freedom: Varying routes to math readiness and the challenge of intersegmental alignment. Retrieved from http://www.learningworksca.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/LearningWorks-Report-2-05-6-2015.pdf (Links to an external site.)

Complete College America. (n.d.). Corequisite remediation: Spanning the completion divide. Retrieved from http://ccaspanning.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/CCA-SpanningTheDivide-ExecutiveSummary.pdf (Links to an external site.)

Raufman, J.; Brathwaite, J.; Santikian Kalamkarian, H. (2019). English learners and ESL programs in the community college: A review of the literature. CCRC Working Paper No. 109. Retrieved from https://ccrc.tc.columbia.edu/media/k2/attachments/english-learners-esl-programs-community-college.pdf (Links to an external site.)

St. Amour, M. (2020). Analysis: Florida’s developmental education reform improved passing rates. Retrieved from https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2020/12/02/analysis-floridas-developmental-education-reform-worked (Links to an external site.) 

WestEd. (2018). Evidence summary: Reading apprenticeship. Retrieved from https://readingapprenticeship.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Reading-Apprenticeship-Evidence-Summary.pdf (Links to an external site.)

White, B.P. (2016). The myth of the college-ready student. Retrieved from https://www.insidehighered.com/views/2016/03/21/instead-focusing-college-ready-students-institutions-should-become-more-student (Links to an external site.)

Race and Ethnicity

Campaign for College Opportunity. (2019). State of higher education for Black Californians. Retrieved from https://documentcloud.adobe.com/link/track?uri=urn:aaid:scds:US:0fb74d02-8720-497e-aa3c-9abb5dd3a42a (Links to an external site.)

Casanova, S.; McGuire, K.; and Martin, M. (2018). “Why you throwing subs?”: An exploration of community college students’ immediate responses to microaggressions. Teachers College Record, 120(9).

Hunt, B. (2014). Who are you? Multiracial students and microaggressions on college campuses. Retrieved from https://www.naspa.org/constituent-groups/posts/who-are-you-multiracial-students-and-microaggressions-on-college-campuses (Links to an external site.)

McBride, L. (2017). Changing the narrative for men of color in higher education. Retrieved from https://www.insightintodiversity.com/changing-the-narrative-for-men-of-color-in-higher-education/ (Links to an external site.)


PearsonStudents. (2014, March). Is developmental education making a difference? Retrieved fromIs Developmental Education making a difference? (Links to an external site.)Is Developmental Education making a difference?